More and more people these days treat themselves to special facial procedures that lift the skin, remove wrinkles and clear the complexion. It’s a tendency that has taken the world by storm, and Singaporeans are no strangers to the perks it brings. Beauty salons and clinics across the city-state offer a diversity of procedures, touted to provide benefit after benefit. Here we will discuss the most popular facial treatments that work to breathe new life into your skin.
Intense Pulsed Light
IPL is a facial treatment that helps treat uneven skin tone, pigmentation, freckles, and spots in different parts of the face. It uses small flashes of light to reach below the surface of the skin.
Aside from light, heat is also administered to the face. It serves to decompose the brown pigment, which is then flushed away by the lymphatic system. In some cases, it may appear on the surface of the face in the form of scabs. No worries. They will flake off naturally after a week or two.
Is there a need for anaesthesia?
Anaesthesia might be used, depending on the situation. Most of the time, it is a numbing cream they put on your face.
What are the risks of using IPL?
The greatest risk associated with this procedure is burning; changes to the natural skin colour might occur as well. However, this shall not be a concern at all if you stick with a certified professional who can evaluate your skin properly and then execute the treatment the right way.
It is worth noting that after every session, your face will appear splotchy, swollen, and red. Don’t panic, it will all go down very quickly.
Who is IPL not suitable for?
People with a natural or fake tan are not a good fit because the machine doesn’t tell pigmentation and tanning apart. Hence, it won’t be able to target the problematic areas. If you have multiple skin conditions, it might not be a good idea to undergo the treatment. Your doctor will tell you more about that.
Who is IPL suitable for then?
People with uneven tone, minor wrinkling or early pigmentation are the perfect candidates. This procedure is great for the time-starved too. If you want to improve your skin complexion but can’t take a few days off work, you can try this one.
What shall I expect from an IPL session?
Once you find your way to the treatment room, you will be asked to lie down and wear goggles. They will put cold gel on your face and begin the procedure. Will it hurt? Well, it depends on your pain tolerance, but you are expected to feel discomfort, at the very least. Fortunately, the session is over so quickly that you won’t have to get used to the pain. The doctor will need about 20 minutes to work on your entire face.
You are allowed to apply makeup straight after the treatment, which is great. If you don’t want people to ask you what happened to your face, cover it with foundation on your way out of the clinic.
About 48 hours following the treatment, the dark spots will begin to come off on their own, resulting in clear and cleaner skin.
What are facial peels? Those are chemical solutions used to remove imperfections and rejuvenate the complexion. It eliminates the top layer of the skin so that the latter grows back much younger looking and smoother. The most commonly applied chemicals are salicylic acid and glycolic acid.
The procedure is stronger than at-home cleansing and exfoliation practices. The depths at which chemical peels are available are as follows:
- Light – This is the least intense facial peel. It is used to address uneven skin tone, fine wrinkles, dryness, and acne, as it only works on the upper layer of your skin. Given its intensity, you can repeat it every couple of weeks if necessary.
- Medium – As its name implies, this one reaches the middle layer of the skin. It can help treat acne scars and wrinkles, but you should opt for it less frequently than the light peel. The bare minimum is every three months.
- Deep – This one reaches a little bit deeper into the dermis (the skin’s mid layer), addressing bigger scars and deeper wrinkles. You can do this procedure only once.
It goes without saying every type uses a different solution, from mild to stronger. Whether you go with one or the other depends on the results you are after. Feel free to discuss that with your specialist.
Is anaesthesia necessary?
It depends. Light chemical peels do not necessitate anaesthesia, while deep peels use a numbing cream to prevent pain and discomfort in the treatment area.
Are there risks to this procedure?
Various side effects might arise after a chemical peel, including infections, scarring, and redness. But if everything goes right, you will not experience any of these. Keep in mind that your skin will feel tight and irritated after the session, but that’s okay. The physician might try to relieve the area using a protective ointment.
Who should stay away from facial peels?
This type of facial is not suitable for everyone. If you have a dark complexion, abnormal skin pigmentation, or a history of severe outbreaks, your doctor will advise against using peels. Not to mention, if you have been taking Claravis, Amnesteem, or other acne medication in the last six months, you are not eligible for the procedure either.
What shall I expect after a session?
The first few days afterwards your skin will be shedding, but you should resist the temptation to peel it purposely. The recovery process will last about a week. You can still go for your makeup and skincare routines in the meantime. The doctor will give you a topical cream or balm to apply post treatment.
Laser Treatment for Face
Laser treatment, also known as laser resurfacing, is a procedure that works to remove layers from the skin and thus boost the complexion. It is administered through special devices emitting high-intensity light and energy. This can help treat blemishes, scars, and wrinkles. It can also seal blood vessels, heal spider veins, get rid of unwanted tattoos or hair, and improve skin texture.
There are two types of laser:
- Ablative – It removes the epidermis and dermis and is considered a wounding laser. It comes with a bigger downtime. Types of ablative lasers include the erbium laser and the carbon dioxide laser.
- Non-ablative – It stimulates the growth of collagen and is considered a non-wounding laser. This method is less invasive, but also less efficient. It offers a small recovery period. Intense Pulsed Light is a non-ablative procedure.
Do I need a sedative?
On one hand, with some types of laser treatment, an injected anaesthetic will be the best option. On the other, there are procedures that can be executed with a topically applied anaesthetic like a numbing cream. It is used after every round with the laser. This guarantees that regardless of how deep into the skin the device goes, the numbness will persist.
What are the risks?
The treated skin may be red, swollen, and itchy after a session of laser resurfacing. This is perfectly normal. Yet, there may be complications. For example, scarring, infection, and changes in the skin colour are all possible outcomes.
Who is it not suitable for?
The procedure is not appropriate for people who have very dark skin, an autoimmune disease, active acne, or are prone to scarring.
Who is laser treatment suitable for?
Guys and gals with lighter skin are excellent candidates for this. Generally speaking, if you are looking to boost moderate imperfections like discolouration, mild wrinkles, and acne scars, this is the right way to go.
What shall I expect during the session?
You will be seated and given protective goggles to cover your eyes. The doctor will apply a numbing cream an hour beforehand. Then they will follow up with a cooling gel. The procedure will last between 15 and 30 minutes. The laser will damage the upper layer of the skin and initiate new collagen growth. Your doctor may suggest scheduling several sessions over the course of months. Yet, that will depend on the outcome you are willing to get, your budget, and your condition.
Dermal Filler Facial Treatment
As the name suggests, dermal fillers are materials administered under the surface of the skin to make it firm and wrinkle-free. They can be synthetic or natural, permanent or temporary. That being said, the results vary based on the filler type, but on average they can last from half a year to five years. Most fillers are composed of hyaluronic acid (HA), which is produced naturally by the body and is therefore risk-free.
What fillers are available out there?
First off, we’ve got Belotero and Restylane. Typically, they are stiffer because they come with bigger concentration of HA. Then, there is also Juvederm, which is appropriate for smile lines and crow’s feet (those nasty wrinkles at the side of the eyes). All these last between six months and a year – that’s about the time necessary for the body to absorb the hyaluronic acid.
If placed in the lip area, it tends to go away faster – you know, we use our mouths constantly talking, eating, and laughing. And if the area is more static, you can expect the filler to have longer shelf life. To illustrate this with an example, there is not much motion in the lower eyelids, so an HA injection in that part of the face is likely to hold up for three years or more.
What is Sculptra?
This is one of the most commonly administered fillers that is currently available on the market. What is interesting about it is that it’s purely synthetic, yet biocompatible. Made of poly-L-lactic acid, it is safe for the body.
Another thing you should know is that Sculptra works gradually to improve the creation of collagen within the skin, which means that multiple treatments are necessary until you can observe the desired outcome.
On the plus side, once obtained, the results persist up to two years longer than hyaluronic acid fillers. It’s worth giving it a thought.
Which areas can dermal fillers enhance?
The most common areas are the cheekbones, chin, nose, and forehead.
Who is not a good candidate for this procedure?
Smokers are not recommended to use injectable fillers for two reasons. One is that the bad habit undermines the body’s healing process. The other is that all the sucking motions smoking involves will reduce the life of the material.
We should not forget to mention that if you happen to have extreme allergies, injecting a dermal filler might trigger an unwanted reaction.
And lastly, people who don’t have realistic expectations aren’t a good fit either.
Who is suitable for a filler?
The best candidates are people who have sunken cheeks, under eye circles, and moderate or severe wrinkles and folds. The procedure is a good option if you want to improve your look without surgery.
Are there any risks?
In the hands of a skilled doctor, the procedure carries no risk. Hyaluronic acid fillers do not pose a health threat to your body, so you can rest assured everything will go tip-top. Immediately afterwards, mild bruising and swelling might occur. It won’t be so bad as to force you to take time away from work or your normal activities.
HydraFacial is an innovative procedure that exfoliates the skin without irritating it. With the help of a vacuum-based abrasion tip, it sucks up impurities and dead skin cells. Here are all the benefits it carries:
- Infuses the skin with minerals and vitamins
- Hydrates the skin
- Cleanses the pores
- Has antioxidant protection
Do I need a sedative?
No. The procedure is painless.
What can you expect from the treatment?
You will leave your doctor’s office with hydrated skin and refined skin texture. The procedure will diminish pigmentation, reduce fine lines, and improve elasticity.
Are there any risks?
The procedure uses no knives or needles, so there is hardly any risk involved. In addition, there is no downtime and no discomfort. You can put makeup on right after you step out of your doctor’s office.
Who is it suitable for?
HydraFacial works for all skin types and all ages, but has shown incredible results for acne prone skin. People looking for mild improvements in their skin texture will benefit from it the most. From teenagers to adults, everyone can treat themselves to this procedure.
If you are looking for a non-invasive, pain-free facial treatment that will rid you of dead and dry skin, look no further than microdermabrasion. In contrast to peels, it does not use any chemicals.
Instead, it employs microcrystals to eliminate the skin’s outer layer. By destroying the skin cells, it promotes the production of elastin and collagen.
Note that this is different from dermabrasion, which tackles problems like scars and extreme sun damage.
Is anaesthesia necessary?
There is no need to apply any sedative, but if you have low pain tolerance, the specialist might apply a numbing cream to soothe discomfort. The procedure is painless, but it may cause tingling.
What are the risks of using this method?
Dry feeling and redness are the most common side effects that occur after microdermabrasion. There is nothing to worry about, however, because this is temporary.
Who is it not suitable for?
The treatment is not effective for reducing wrinkles, stretch marks, deep acne scars or keloids.
Who is microdermabrasion suitable for then?
The individuals who will benefit from this treatment the most are those with clogged pores and fine lines. Overall, it can work on all skin colours and types.
What shall I expect from a microdermabrasion session?
Your skin will look rejuvenated and younger. However, you may need to repeat the procedure a few times for better results. Also, your doctor will recommend using high-quality moisturisers and sunscreens. It is advisable to avoid sun exposure for a few days afterwards.